The Arabica Coffee History and Facts for You to Enlarge Your Knowledge
For you the coffee lovers, it is time for you to know more about Arabica coffee history and facts that will enlarge your knowledge. Maybe for the coffee lovers, a day is not complete without coffee and thinks that it is a part of a mood booster. Most of the people like coffee because the fragrant is so relaxing and also will boost the energy to avoid from drowsiness. One of the popular coffees is the Arabica and dominant used today.
The Arabica coffee history and facts
The journey of Arabica coffee beans starts from the Ethiopia Plateau of Africa for about 1000 BC. A long time ago, the Oromo tribe in Kefa ate the Arabica coffee bean, crushed the bean and also mixes it with fat. They make it as spheres and the size is like the ping pong balls. They consume coffee as a stimulant, the same way as we do today.
The name of Arabica happens around the 7th century when the plant species cross the red sea from Ethiopia. The first written record that coffee made from the Arab scholars that want to prolong the working hours. After that this innovations spread among Turks and also Egyptian then spreads around the world. And now all people around the world really enjoy and love coffee very much.
We must also know that the Arabica coffee history and facts are one of the precious histories about the trading in the past. This plant is believed native from Ethiopia then brought by Arab traders to Yemen. Without it, maybe we don’t know about this delicious coffee or taste the delicious beverages like now. And we must also say thanks for Arabs that began to popularize the Arabica coffee bean extract. Now we will brew it with hot water and enjoy it as a refreshing drink.
In the fifteenth century, the popularity of coffee drinks began to spread to Europe. Absolutely the Europeans bought coffee from Arab traders. Then they managed to cultivate these plants in Asia and America. Since then coffee has become a very popular commodity around the world. It even became the second largest commodity traded globally after petroleum.
To reach a mature, the Arabica plant needs for about 7 years to grow. This plant will live in the low temperature but not in the frost. When these plants reach 2 years old, it will produce flowers with white colors that have a small size and also really fragrant. From the Arabica coffee history and facts, you will know that the smell of Arabica coffee like the jasmine flowers.
The owner of the coffee will prune the plant into reasonable height in order to make it for easy harvesting. After the pruning, the berries of the Arabica will appear that has a dark green color like the leaves of the plant. After that, the color will change into a yellow and light read that will be darker like a deep red that indicates that it is ripe. Through the Arabica coffee history and facts, when the color is deep red it’s mean that the fruit is ready for picking.
Now, it’s time for us to get to close with the Arabica facts because it is very interesting and will give you more important information.
- Rubiaceae plant
The Arabica is kind of Rubiaceae family, it’s mean that the plant produces the flower that often referred to as the coffee. The plant is like shrubs, herbs or lianas and you will recognize it from the leaves. The opposite leaves have interpetiolar stipules and the stalks join a leaf into a stem that will make you know Arabica coffee history and facts.
- Growing conditions
To get the best result of the coffee plants, it must be proper conditions for growing. The growing conditions play a big role in the quality of the beans. The conditions that must be fulfilled are the natural mists, cloud cover, shade and also hilly ground. It will be a very important part of Arabica coffee history and facts.
The best place to grow the coffee plants is in the greenhouse because it will give a proper atmosphere. It is because the shade is really important to provide a good temperature and also to reduce the weeds. The canopy will also give some protection to the plant from the wind.
- The cherry
Don’t imagine that the cherry is the real cherry fruit. We call it cherry because when the coffee is ripe, the color will be deep red like a cherry. You must know that the cherries are eatable fruit with orange and also the red color that has five main parts.
The first part is the outer skin with a thick outer like the skin of the grape. The second part is mucilage that like a pulp, it is located between the pit and outer skin. The third is parchment skin as the hull of the coffee seed. The fourth is silver skin that appears between the bean and hull. And the last is bean or the seed in the center of the coffee fruit.
- The beans
The two most well-known coffee species in the world are Arabica and Robusta. But the Arabica beans are more lovable for the coffee lovers because it has a delicious taste, high quality but also more expensive too.
The Arabica will grow till 12 meters tall and it is the first species of coffee that was cultivated. Arabica coffee history and facts prove that the wonderful flavor, high quality and also aromatic will make the people falling in love with it.
- The yield
The common coffee plant yield occurs every year that will produce for about one or two pounds.
- When to harvest
You must know the best time for harvesting the coffee. So, it is important for you to know the Arabica coffee history and facts. Please don’t harvest the coffee when the fruits still have a green color because it will produce a thin and sour coffee. It is better for you to wait for it until the cherries ripe, sweet and juicy but doesn’t pick it when the fruits to ripen. It will make the coffee begin to ferment and can spoil.
- How to harvest
The Arabica coffee history and facts are very important for you to harvest the coffee, you must be selective and make sure to use handpick the individually that ripen. Although in the same plant, the fruit will ripe in the different time. So, you will harvest one plant of coffee for about four times during the harvesting period.
- Plant care
Because we all know that the plant is not easy to grow well in all conditions, we will do something to give the best treatment. It is good for us to plant the coffee in the greenhouse or in the indoor to make sure they will be in a perfect place. They will grow well although just with the artificial lighting, not from the direct sunlight.
Well, now you have a lot of information about Arabica coffee history and facts. It is really important for you that have a plan to cultivate the Arabica coffee to get the best result of the bean.